How to Play Lacrosse: A Professional Guide for Beginners

If you’re looking for a fast-paced, exciting sport to get involved with, look no further than lacrosse. This physically demanding game is played by two teams, each with ten players, and involves using a small rubber ball and a long-handled stick to score points by shooting the ball into the opposing team’s goal. But before you can jump into the action, you’ll need to learn the basics of how to play lacrosse.

Learning how to play lacrosse is important not just for the physical benefits of the sport, but also for the mental and social aspects. As you become more familiar with the game, you’ll develop skills in strategy, communication, and teamwork, all of which can be applied to other areas of your life. Additionally, the fast-paced nature of lacrosse makes it a great way to stay active and improve your overall fitness level.

In this article, we’ll provide a comprehensive guide on how to play lacrosse, from the basic rules and equipment to more advanced techniques and strategies. Whether you’re a complete beginner or have some experience with the sport, we’ll cover everything you need to know to become a skilled lacrosse player. So grab your stick and get ready to learn how to play lacrosse like a pro.

Section 1: Lacrosse Basics

What Is Lacrosse?

Lacrosse History

Lacrosse is a team sport that involves two teams of ten players each. The objective of the game is to score goals by shooting a small rubber ball into the opponent’s goal using a long-handled stick called a crosse. The team with the most goals at the end of the game wins.

Regarding lacrosse history, the game has its roots in Native American culture. It was played as a form of tribal warfare and was considered a way to honor the Creator. The modern version of the game was developed in Canada in the 19th century and has since spread throughout North America and beyond.

Lacrosse Equipment

To play lacrosse, you will need several pieces of equipment. Here are the essential items:

CrosseA long-handled stick with a mesh net at the end used to catch, carry, and pass the ball.
BallA small rubber ball used to play the game.
HelmetA protective helmet that covers the head and face.
Shoulder PadsPadded gear that protects the shoulders and chest.
Arm PadsPadded gear that protects the arms.
GlovesProtective gloves that cover the hands and wrists.
MouthguardA protective device worn in the mouth to protect the teeth and jaw.
CleatsLacrosse cleats are crucial for playing. (How to choose?)
Lacrosse Gear
Lacrosse Gears

Safety gear is an essential part of playing lacrosse, and it is crucial to wear it properly. Helmets, shoulder pads, arm pads, and gloves help protect players from injury during contact. Mouthguards are also essential as they protect the teeth and jaw from impact.

Besides the main equipment, players can try some other things such as an Athletic protective cup, Rib pads (optional), Chest protector (goalies only), Goggles or headgear (girls only), Lacrosse Bags (Optional), and Lacrosse Eye Black

In conclusion, understanding the basics of lacrosse is crucial before starting to play the game. Knowing the historical background of the game and the essential equipment needed to play will help you get started on the right foot. Remember to always prioritize safety and wear the proper protective gear.

Section 2: Lacrosse Positions

Overview of Positions

Lacrosse is played with ten players on each team, divided into four positions: attack, midfield, defense, and goalie. Each position has specific roles and responsibilities that are crucial to the success of the team.

Attack (A)

The attack position is responsible for scoring goals and creating offensive opportunities. Attackers typically stay on the opponent’s half of the field and work closely with each other to pass the ball and create scoring opportunities. They need to have excellent stick skills, speed, and agility.

Midfield (M)

The midfield position is responsible for both offense and defense and is often considered the most physically demanding position. Midfielders play both halves of the field and are responsible for transitioning the ball from defense to offense and vice versa. They need to have excellent endurance, speed, and stick skills.

Related: Top 5 Best Lacrosse Sticks for Midfielders.

Defense (D)

The defense position is responsible for preventing the opposing team from scoring goals. Defenders stay on their half of the field and work together to stop the opposing team’s attack. They need to have excellent footwork, positioning, and stick skills.

Goalie (G)

The goalie is the last line of defense and is responsible for preventing the opposing team from scoring goals. They stay in the crease, the area in front of the goal, and use their body and stick to block shots. They need to have excellent hand-eye coordination, reflexes, and communication skills.

Positions in Lacrosse

In conclusion, each position in lacrosse has a unique role and set of responsibilities that are crucial to the success of the team. It is essential to understand the roles and responsibilities of each position to play lacrosse effectively. Take out this detailed explanation for lacrosse positions.

Section 3: Lacrosse Rules And Gameplay

Lacrosse Field And Goal

To play lacrosse, you need a field and a goal. The lacrosse field is typically 110 yards long and 60 yards wide. The goal is 6 feet by 6 feet, and it sits in a circle called the crease. The crease is 18 feet in diameter and is located in front of the goal. The field is marked with several lines and boundaries, including the midfield line, restraining lines, and sidelines. The midfield line divides the field into two halves, and the restraining lines are used during face-offs.


The face-off is a critical part of lacrosse gameplay. It occurs at the beginning of each quarter and after every goal. During a face-off, two players from each team stand at the center of the field and try to gain possession of the ball. The ball is placed on the ground between the players, and they use their sticks to try to scoop it up. The player who gains possession of the ball can then pass it to a teammate or try to score a goal.

Face-Off in Lacrosse

Gameplay Rules

Lacrosse has several rules that players must follow to ensure fair play. One of the most important rules is the offside rule, which requires that at least three players from each team stay on their half of the field at all times. Another crucial rule is the crease violation rule, which prohibits players from entering the crease while the ball is not in their possession. If a player violates these rules, they may be penalized. You must learn lacrosse rules before playing the game.

Penalties in lacrosse can result in the offending player being sent to the penalty box for a designated amount of time. During this time, their team must play with one less player on the field. The game is played in four quarters, each lasting 12 minutes. The team with the most goals at the end of the game wins. Scoring a goal in lacrosse requires the ball to cross the goal line and enter the goal.

Section 4: Lacrosse Skills And Techniques


Cradling is one of the most important skills in lacrosse. It is the technique used to maintain control of the ball while running down the field. To cradle, you need to keep the ball in the pocket of your stick and move it back and forth by twisting your wrists. This motion helps keep the ball in the pocket and prevents it from falling out.

To improve your cradling skills, try the following tips:

  • Keep your stick close to your body.
  • Use your fingers to grip the stick firmly.
  • Keep your wrists loose and flexible.
  • Practice cradling while running at different speeds.
  • Use both hands to cradle the ball.

Passing And Catching

Passing and catching are essential skills in lacrosse. To pass, you need to use your stick to throw the ball to a teammate. To catch, you need to use your stick to receive the ball from a teammate. Proper technique is crucial for both skills.

To pass and catch effectively, follow these steps:

  • Use your whole body to generate power when passing.
  • Aim for your teammate’s stick when passing.
  • Keep your stick up and ready to catch when receiving a pass.
  • Use soft hands to absorb the impact of the ball when catching.
  • Practice passing and catching with both hands.

Drills to improve your passing and catching skills include:

  • Wall ball: Throw the ball against a wall and catch it as it bounces back.
  • Partner passing: Stand a short distance apart from a teammate and pass the ball back and forth.
  • Three-man weave: Run down the field with two teammates, passing the ball between each other.


Shooting is the technique used to score goals in lacrosse. It requires a combination of accuracy, power, and speed. To shoot, you need to use your stick to throw the ball into the goal.

To improve your shooting skills, try the following strategies:

  • Aim for the corners of the goal.
  • Use your whole body to generate power when shooting.
  • Follow through with your shot to ensure accuracy.
  • Practice shooting from different angles and distances.


Lacrosse Skills And Techniques

Defense is an important part of lacrosse. It involves preventing the other team from scoring goals. To play defense effectively, you need to have good positioning and stick checks.

To improve your defensive skills, follow these tips:

  • Stay between the attacker and the goal.
  • Keep your stick up and in the passing lanes.
  • Use stick checks to disrupt the attacker’s shot.
  • Communicate with your teammates to coordinate your defense.


Goaltending is a specialized position in lacrosse. It requires quick reflexes and good hand-eye coordination. To be a good lacrosse goalie, you need to have strong mental and physical skills.

To improve your goaltending skills, try the following techniques:

  • Stay focused and alert at all times.
  • Use your body to block shots.
  • Use your stick to deflect shots.
  • Practice making saves from different angles and distances.

Overall, mastering these lacrosse skills and techniques takes time and practice. By following these tips and drills, you can improve your game and become a better lacrosse player.

Section 5: Lacrosse Strategies And Tactics

Offensive Strategies

When it comes to offensive strategies in lacrosse, there are two main tactics to consider: fast breaks and settled offense. Fast breaks are typically used after a turnover or a successful save, and involve quickly moving the ball up the field to take advantage of a numbers advantage. Settled offense, on the other hand, involves more deliberate ball movement and teamwork to create scoring opportunities.

In order to be successful in either strategy, teamwork and ball movement are key. It’s important for players to communicate with each other and move the ball quickly and efficiently. This can be achieved through passing, cutting, and off-ball movement.

Defensive Strategies

Lacrosse Strategies And Tactics

On the defensive side of the ball, there are two main tactics to consider: zone and man-to-man defense. Zone defense involves players guarding specific areas of the field rather than individual players. This can be effective in limiting passing lanes and forcing turnovers. Man-to-man defense involves players guarding specific opponents, and can be effective in shutting down individual players.

In addition to these tactics, clearing the ball from the defensive zone is also an important defensive strategy. This involves moving the ball up the field and out of the defensive zone to prevent the opposing team from scoring.

Game Strategies

In lacrosse, there are a variety of game situations that require different strategies. For example, when playing man-up or man-down, teams need to adjust their offensive and defensive strategies accordingly. Additionally, game management and clock control are important considerations in order to maintain a lead or come from behind to win.

Overall, successful lacrosse strategies and tactics require a combination of individual skill, teamwork, and effective communication. By utilizing a variety of offensive and defensive strategies, as well as adapting to different game situations, teams can increase their chances of success on the field.

Section 6: Lacrosse Drills And Practice

Skill Development

Practicing lacrosse drills is essential for developing skills and improving your game. Here are some drills to help you improve your passing, shooting, and defense:

  • Passing Drills: Start with basic passing drills such as “Partner Passing” and “Three-Person Passing.” Once you have mastered the basics, move on to more advanced drills like “Box Passing” and “Over-The-Shoulder Passing.”
  • Shooting Drills: Practice shooting accuracy with drills like “Shooting on the Run” and “Behind-The-Back Shooting.” For improving speed and agility, try “Shooting on the Move” and “Quick Release Shooting.”
  • Defense Drills: Improve your defensive skills with drills like “Footwork” and “Stick Checks.” For team defense, try “2v2 Ground Ball Drill” and “3v3 Scramble.”

Team Practices

Structuring effective team practices is crucial for success in lacrosse. Here are some tips for planning and executing productive practices:

  • Scrimmage and Game Simulation: Incorporate scrimmage and game simulation into your practices to help your team develop game-like skills and strategies. Use drills like “Man-Up/Man-Down” and “Clearing and Riding” to simulate game situations.
  • Drill Progression: Start with basic drills and progress to more advanced ones as your team develops skills and confidence. Use drills that build on each other to create a cohesive practice plan.
  • Focus on Fundamentals: Emphasize the importance of fundamentals in every practice. Encourage your team to focus on proper technique and form in passing, shooting, and defense.

By incorporating these drills and practice tips into your lacrosse training, you can improve your skills and elevate your game. Remember to stay focused, work hard, and have fun!

Lacrosse Drills And Practice

Section 7: How to Play Lacrosse For Beginners

If you’re new to lacrosse, getting started can be overwhelming. But don’t worry, we’ve got you covered. In this section, we’ll cover some tips for newcomers to lacrosse and suggest resources for beginners. We’ll also discuss safety precautions for players of all ages and injury prevention.

Getting Started

Before you start playing lacrosse, you’ll need to get the right equipment. Here’s a list of the essential gear you’ll need:

  • Lacrosse stick
  • Lacrosse ball
  • Helmet
  • Gloves
  • Shoulder pads
  • Arm pads
  • Mouthguard
  • Cleats

(Related: Can You Wear Baseball Cleats for Lacrosse? A Quick Comparison)

Once you have your equipment, it’s time to start practicing. Here are some tips for beginners:

  • Practice cradling the ball in your stick. This is the most basic skill in lacrosse.
  • Work on passing and catching with a friend or teammate. This will help you develop your hand-eye coordination.
  • Learn the basic rules of the game. This will help you understand how to play and what to do in different situations.
  • Watch lacrosse games or highlights. This will help you learn from more experienced players and see how the game is played at a higher level.

There are also many resources available to help you learn how to play lacrosse. Here are a few:

  • YouTube videos: There are many instructional videos on YouTube that can help you learn the basics of lacrosse.
  • Local lacrosse clubs: Many cities and towns have lacrosse clubs that offer beginner clinics and leagues.
  • Lacrosse camps: There are many lacrosse camps available for players of all ages and skill levels.

Safety Tips

Lacrosse is a physical sport, so it’s important to take safety seriously. Here are some safety tips for players of all ages:

  • Wear all of the required equipment. This includes a helmet, gloves, shoulder pads, arm pads, and a mouthguard.
  • Check your equipment regularly. Make sure your helmet fits properly and that all of your pads are in good condition.
  • Warm up before playing. Stretching and light exercise can help prevent injuries.
  • Stay hydrated. Drink plenty of water before, during, and after games and practices.
  • Follow the rules of the game. Avoid dangerous plays and hits that could cause injury.

Injury prevention is also important in lacrosse. Here are some tips to help prevent common lacrosse injuries:

  • Wear proper equipment. This can help protect you from common lacrosse injuries such as concussions, broken bones, and sprains.
  • Focus on proper technique. Using proper technique when passing, catching, and shooting can help prevent injuries.
  • Rest and recover. If you’re feeling sore or tired, take a break and give your body time to recover.
  • Stay in good physical condition. Regular exercise can help prevent injuries and improve your performance on the field.

By following these tips and taking safety seriously, you can enjoy playing lacrosse while minimizing your risk of injury.

get the right equipment
Get the Right Equipment for Starting

Section 8: Advanced Lacrosse

Advanced Techniques

To take your lacrosse skills to the next level, you need to master advanced techniques. These techniques require precision, speed, and agility. Here are some advanced techniques that can help you become an advanced-level player:


Face-offs are a critical aspect of lacrosse, and mastering them can give you a significant advantage. Advanced face-off techniques include the clamp, the rake, and the pinch-and-pop. These techniques require practice and proper technique, so make sure to work on them consistently.


Dodging is a crucial skill in lacrosse, and advanced players need to be able to dodge effectively. Advanced dodging techniques include the roll dodge, the split dodge, and the face dodge. These techniques require quick footwork and precise stick skills, so make sure to practice them regularly.


Advanced shooting techniques require precision and power. These techniques include the behind-the-back shot, the jump shot, and the sidearm shot. These shots can be challenging to master, so make sure to practice them consistently.

Advanced Lacrosse

College and Professional Lacrosse

If you’re interested in pursuing lacrosse at higher levels, there are several opportunities available to you. College lacrosse is a popular option for many players, and there are many colleges and universities that offer lacrosse programs. To pursue college lacrosse, you’ll need to be recruited by a college coach. To increase your chances of being recruited, make sure to attend lacrosse camps and tournaments and create a highlight reel of your best plays.

Professional lacrosse is another option for advanced players. The two professional leagues in North America are Major League Lacrosse (MLL) and the Premier Lacrosse League (PLL). To play professionally, you’ll need to be drafted by a team or signed as a free agent. To increase your chances of being drafted, make sure to attend professional lacrosse combines and showcase your skills to scouts and coaches.

In conclusion, to become an advanced-level lacrosse player, you need to master advanced techniques and explore opportunities for playing at higher levels. With consistent practice and dedication, you can take your lacrosse skills to the next level.


Congratulations! You now know the basic rules and skills needed to play lacrosse. Remember to always prioritize safety, and wear the necessary protective gear.

Playing lacrosse is a great way to stay active and improve your hand-eye coordination, agility, and teamwork skills. It’s also a fun way to meet new people and be a part of a community.

If you’re interested in playing lacrosse, there are many resources available to help you get started. Look for local leagues or clubs in your area, or consider joining a beginner’s clinic to learn more about the game.

As you continue to play and improve, don’t hesitate to seek out more specific articles and resources to help you hone your skills and knowledge. Whether you’re a beginner or an experienced player, there’s always more to learn and discover in the exciting world of lacrosse.

As a beginner, you may want to learn the Greatest Lacrosse Players of All Time for inspiration and to understand more about this sport.

Additional Resources

To continue improving your lacrosse skills, there are several resources available online that can help you learn more about the sport and develop your technique. Here are a few resources to consider:

Online Articles and Videos

There are many websites and YouTube channels dedicated to lacrosse that offer a wealth of information on various aspects of the game. Some popular resources include:

  • US Lacrosse Coaching Resources: Provides coaches with access to live training, virtual workshops, self-paced online courses, certification programs, a mobile coach app, drill and game resources, and access to a nationwide coaching network.
  • Lacrosse All Stars: Offers a range of articles and videos on topics such as shooting drills, defensive strategies, and game analysis.
  • Epoch Lacrosse: Provides instructional videos on various aspects of the game, including stick handling, passing, and shooting.
  • LaxEZ: It is a great source for lacrosse beginners.

Books and Manuals

If you prefer learning from books or manuals, there are several options available, including:

  • Lacrosse Fundamentals: A comprehensive guide to the basics of lacrosse, including stick handling, passing, shooting, and defensive strategies.
  • The Art of Lax: A manual that covers a range of topics, including individual skills, team tactics, and game preparation.

Clubs and Leagues

Joining a local lacrosse club or league can also be a great way to improve your skills and meet other players. Many clubs and leagues offer coaching, clinics, and regular games or tournaments. Check with your local recreation center or sports complex to find out about options in your area.

Remember, the key to becoming a better lacrosse player is to practice regularly and seek out opportunities to learn and improve. With dedication and hard work, you can take your game to the next level.

Joining a local lacrosse club
Joining a local lacrosse club

Frequently Asked Questions

Is Lacrosse Hard To Learn

Lacrosse can be challenging to learn, but it’s not impossible. With practice and dedication, anyone can learn how to play lacrosse. It’s important to start with the basics, such as how to hold the stick, catch and throw the ball, and cradle. Once you have these fundamental skills down, you can move on to more advanced techniques, such as dodging and shooting.

Who Can Play Lacrosse?

Lacrosse is a sport that can be played by anyone, regardless of age, gender, or skill level. It’s a great way to stay active and meet new people. Many schools and recreational centers offer lacrosse programs for both children and adults.

What Is The Best Age To Start Lacrosse?

There is no specific age to start playing lacrosse. Children as young as four years old can start playing lacrosse in some programs. However, it’s important to make sure that the child is physically and mentally ready to play. It’s also important to find a program that is appropriate for their age and skill level.

Can You Play Lacrosse In The Rain?

Yes, you can play lacrosse in the rain. However, it’s important to take precautions to ensure your safety. Wet conditions can make the field slippery, so make sure you have appropriate footwear. It’s also important to keep your stick dry to ensure a good grip on the ball.

Can You Play Lacrosse If You Wear Glasses?

Yes, you can play lacrosse if you wear glasses. However, it’s important to make sure that your glasses are secure and won’t fall off during play. Some players choose to wear sports goggles or contact lenses for added protection.

Can You Play Lacrosse With Acrylic Nails?

It’s not recommended to play lacrosse with acrylic nails. The nails can break or come off during play, which can be dangerous for both you and other players. It’s important to keep your nails short and well-manicured to ensure a safe and enjoyable game.

Is Lacrosse Dangerous?

Like any sport, lacrosse can be dangerous if proper safety precautions are not taken. It’s important to wear appropriate protective gear, such as helmets, mouthguards, and pads. It’s also important to follow the rules of the game and play with good sportsmanship.

Is Lacrosse Good For Girls?

Yes, lacrosse is a great sport for girls. It’s a fast-paced and physical game that can help build strength, endurance, and teamwork skills. Many colleges and universities offer lacrosse scholarships for female athletes. (You may want to know: How to Play Girls Lacrosse? Fast-Track Guide to Join the Game | Girls Lacrosse Rules: Essential Guide for Quick Play)

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